Georgian language is one of the oldest living languages in the world and it has its own distinctive alphabet. Georgian alphabet is one of only 14 in the world. According to the local legend, Georgian alphabet was created in the 3th century BC during the reign of king Parnavaz, but the forst conclusive proof of Georgian writing dates back to an early 5th century-it is an inscription found in Bethlehem, Palestine. The first example of the Georgian writing within Georgia was found above the door of Bolnisi Sioni, to the south of Tbilisi. This inscription dates back to the late 5th century.

The writing of the Georgian language has progressed through three forms. They are: Asomtavruli, Nuskhuri and Mkhedruli. These forms have always been distinct languages. The most modern Georgian alphabet is Mkhedruli containing more letters than the two historical ones.  It makes use of 33 letters: 5-vowel and 28-consonant sounds. They all correspond to a single sound. Georgian language does not distinguish between capital and small letters.