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Incroyable histoire du vin géorgien
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Amazing Georgian wine history

Why the amazing Georgian wine is special ?

A tourist who loves wine cannot come to Georgia without recognizing the amazing georgian wine and tasting it.

Wine of Georgia has long stories that start from its cultivation and Georgia keeps the original samples of grapes along with the appropriate soil.

Also, the method used from thousands of years, so it is sacred and noble in the Georgian life.

The wine industry is rooted in the traditions of Georgian families :

Also, we find many Georgian families working in the industry that are proud of having these antique methods.

And the original qualities of the industry along with the superior ability to taste and diversity in production.

In addition,we can distinguish in this industry that they produce organic wine and does not use any chemicals in the cultivation of grapes, and this is evident through Sample different samples of this product.

Therefore, we find that in order to obtain quality, there are specialized Georgian institutions that monitor the method of agriculture and industry, which may take up to three years to give you the quality.

the method of making the wine in Georgia :

It is also clear that the method of making Georgian wine is based on the use of large crockery, which are stressful methods and require experience and patience at work.

And therefore the Georgian wine is a strategic and vital product and one of the sources of income for the Georgian state.

Last but not least, the Georgian people are a people who love strangers and consider them a gift from God.

And this is evident by Georgia’s acceptance of different races and respect for the requirements of all visitors.

You can also find many restaurants, from Arab to Asian restaurants, as well as Georgian restaurants, with tolerance and welcome .

For those interested in Georgian wine tours, click here

– The article was edited by :
International Service Company Group”ISCG” LLC 
Georgia – Tbilisi – Romantic Travel Georgia / all right reserved
especial georgian food
Культура и природа в Грузии
Georgian wine tour package
مأكولات باتومي الجورجية
Georgian wine tour package 8 days

Georgian Food / Delicious and varied

 

About Georgian Food :

Georgian food has a variety of dishes and calories in this food while maintaining that it is healthy food at the same time.

Why Georgian Food is unique :

What a nice surprise waiting for you!

Imagine a slightly heavy Eastern European cuisine, with … you know … goulash, or soft dishes and few vegetarian options.

Georgian cuisine is the opposite! It is subtle, full of flavors, herbs and spices, all cooked with fresh and seasonal products.

Ingredients and famous dishes :

In addition, The recurring ingredients during our stay in Georgia especially in summer,will include aubergines, walnuts, tomatoes, watermelons, plums and grapes.

Also, The dishes of adjapsandalis (ratatouille) or lobios (spicy bean soup) that you should try to taste it.

without forgetting the famous kinkhalis (ravioli stuffed with meat, mushrooms or potatoes).

Almost everywhere, bakers bake their delicious traditional Georgian bread at any time, even at any time of the day, which can be purchased hot and crunchy.

Georgian Wine :

Finally, Georgians are particularly proud to have invented wine 8000 years ago and have continued production since then.

Almost all families produce their own wine and you will have many opportunities to try it for an opinion.

Also, Some are surprising at the beginning, others are delicious from the beginning to the end of the glass (or the bottle if you are thirsty).

Tbilisi open air – Ethnography museum

Tbilisi open air museum of Ethnography was founded on April 27, 1966.

The museum is named after Giorgi Chitaia, a Georgian ethnographer and founder of the museum. It was the first open air museum in the whole Caucasus.

Information about Museum :

Tbilisi Open air museum is disposed on the northern ridge of Mtatsminda mountain between the Vake Park and a picturesque area of Tortoise’s pond.

Also,the museum covers 50 hectares of land and is arranged in eleven zones where 70 houses and thrift buildings characteristic for the various parts of Georgia are disposed. The wooden houses have been moved piece by piece from their native villages.

In addition,the main theme of this architectural theme park is the architectural style and the way of living.

Moreover,the museum displays more than 8000 items. The exhibition is represented according to the main territorial subdivisions of Georgia. There are traditional Darbazi-type and fiat-roofed houses from Eastern Georgia, wooden houses with gable roofs of straw or boards from western Georgia, towers from mountainous provinces of Khevsureti, Khevi, Tusheti and Svaneti, wattle maize storages from Imereti and Samegrelo, Khakhetian wineries, Kartli water mills etc.

A collection of household items are is also noteworthy; it contains distaffs, chums, knitting frames, carpets, clothes, pottery, furniture and so on.

Furthermore,there is a basilica from Tianeti and a 6th-7th century burial vault with sarcophagus on the territory of the museum as well.

The festival of Art-gene is firmly connected with the museum. It is an annual folk culture festival held from 2004.

To read more about Tbilisi’s history and sightseeing ,click here.

Georgian tour

Dzalisi city

Location of Dzalisi city in this tour:

We will take you in georgian tour in Dzalisi, it is a historic village located in Georgia, Mtskheta-Mtianeti region.
It is about 50 km northwest of Tbilisi.

History of Georgian Dzalisi :

The first mention of Dzalisi is with Ptolemy.

According to him, Dzalisi was one of the principal towns of Iberia, which was an ancient Georgian kingdom.

Dzalisi area is known for its historical and archeological importance.

Georgia was among the first countries in the world to adopt Christianity.

The Eastern Georgian kingdom Iberia converted to Christianity in 327 AD when the king of Iberia Mirian III established it as the official state religion.

According to the Georgian chronicles, St. Nino of Capadocia converted Georgia to Christianity in 330.

Therefore, the date varies based on numerous historical documents and accounts.

but it is a proved fact that by the 4th century both kingdoms of Lazica and Iberia adopted Christianity as the official state religion.

This adoption tied the country to Byzantinbe Empire which had strong cultural influence over it.

During the 4th and 5th centuries, Iberia came under Persian control and governors appointed by Shahs ruled the country.

to read more about the georgian history, please click here

Archeological tour in the city:

Archeological excavations and digs conducted on the territory revealed the remains of four palaces and other buildings, such as baths, acropolis, swimming pool, barracks for soldiers, water supply system, burial grounds etc.

One of the four palaces is noteworthy for its mosaics, which are the oldest mosaics found in Caucasus.

Georgian’s oldest moasaics:

It dates from the 3rd century AD depicting a banquette scene of Ariadne and Dionysus.

To learn more about nature panorama and our tour in Georgian cities,  you can view the company’s BLOG by clicking here

Bagrati cathedral

Kutaisi city

The UNESCO World Heritage

Kutaisi city Bagrati cathedral was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 as single entity.

UNESCO designated endangered the site , which was concerned that the continuing restoration was not carefully prepared. Despite this, proponents of restoration argued that the site was more likely to fall apart if it was let to soak in rainwater, as it had done for centuries.

Also, it is the cathedral of the Dormition or Kutaisi Cathedral, also most commonly known as Bagrati cathedral. It was built in the early years of the 1th century during the reign of the king Bagrat III due to which it was called “Bagrati”.

About Bagrati Cathedral

The Cathedral is located in the center of Kutaisi, the region of Imereti. Resting upon the top of Ukimerioni hill, it was built in the early years of the 11th century. More precisely, as the inscription on the north wall reveals the floor laid in “Chronicon 223. i.e.1003.

Imereti kingdom

 When Ottomans invaded Imereti kingdom in 1512 through its southern neighbor Samtskhe and unexpectedly struck Bagrat’s capital Kutaisi, Bagrati cathedral was devastated by an explosion.

Also, this incident caused cupola and ceiling to collapse. The cathedral was officially rebuilt on September 16, 2012. Nowadays it serves as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture. It is also frequently used as a symbol of the whole city of Kutaisi, being one of its main tourist attractions.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral

Mtskheta :

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is a Georgian orthodox church situated in the ancient historical town of Mtskheta , 20 km northwest from Tbilisi. This cathedral is known as the burial place of Christ’s mantle.  According to Georgian hagiography, in the 1st century AD a Georgian Jew named Elias was in Jerusalem when Christ was crucified. He managed to buy Christ’s mantle from a Roman soldier and bring it back to Georgia. When he returned back to Mtskheta, his native town, his sister Sidonia met him and after touching the mantle she immediately died from the emotions engendered by the sacred object. The robe could not be removed from her grasp and she was buried with it. This place where Sidonia is buried with the mantle is persevered in the cathedral.

Tree of St. Nino :

Later on a cedar tree was grown from her grave. The tree was chopped down and St. Nino made from it seven columns for the church’s foundation. The seventh column had magical properties: it rose itself in the air and returned to earth only after St. Nino prayed the whole night. (Hence the name “Svetitskhoveli”). In Georgian Sveti means “pillar” and “Tskhoveli” means “living.”

History of svetitskhoveli cathedral :

The original church was built in the 4th century AD during the reign of Mirian III of Kartli, byt the original cathedral has been damaged several times during the history notably by the invasions of Arabs, Persians, Timur and lately by Russian subjugation and the Soviet period. The building has also been damaged by earthquakes.

The church architecture :

Restoration period began in 1970 during which the base of basilica built during the reign of Vakhtang Gorgasali after St. Nino was found. Basilica was the dominant type of the Georgian church architecture before the cross-dome style emerged. When Svetitskhoveli was rebuilt in the 11th century, this type of cross-dome was chosen by the architect Arsakidze and Catholicos-Patriarch Melkisedek of Georgia. During the reign of the king Erekle II a defensive wall was built around the cathedral in 1787. The top storey was designed for military purposes and that is why it has gun emplacements. Also it is worth mentioning that archeological expeditions conducted there found the house of Patriarch of the 11th century.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is the second largest church in Georgia after Tbilisi holy trinity cathedral. It is listed as an UNESCO world heritage site along with other historical monuments of Mtskheta.

Jvari Monastery Mtskheta

Mtskheta-Mtianeti region

Jvari monastery is a Georgian orthodox monastery of the 6th century, It is located in Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, eastern Georgia.

Being outstanding monument of Georgian architecture it was one of the greatest religious sites and a center of pilgrimage for Christian nations of the Caucasus.

The wooden cross

Firstly, Jvari church is built on a rocky mountaintop overlooking Mtskheta.

It is a the place where, according to the local legend, a wooden cross was erected by the enlightener of Georgia St.Nino and king Mirian.

Also, the construction of the cross symbolized the fall of paganism and rise of christianity in Georgia.

Exceptional relief sculptures take significant place in the decoration of the facades.

The reliefs depicting the patrons-Stephanos and his family are located on the Eastern façade of the church.

On the southern façade there is also a composition of Ascention of the cross.

Also, on the facet of the drum of the dome there is a figure of a person, possibly the architect.

The present building is generally held to have been 590 and 605. This is based on an inscription on its façade mentioning the principal builders of the church: Stephanos the patricius, Demetrius the Hypatos and Adarnese the hypatos. The importance of the church gradually increased over time and attracted more and more pilgrims every year. In the late Middle Ages the complex was fortified by a stone wall and gate, remnants of which still survive. During the Soviet Union period the church was preserved as a national monument but access was rendered difficult. After Georgia gained its independence the building was restored to active religious use and it was listed as UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994.

Армазисхеви Archeological Archeological place - Armaziskhevi

Archeological place – Armaziskhevi

History of the city

Armaziskhevi is archeological place situated on the right tributary of the Kura River and is 3km west of Mtskheta railway station. This place is unique for its archeological importance.

The Bronze-early Iron Age

Firstly, as a result of archeological excavations conducted near the influx of the Armaziskhevi archeologists revealed a cemetery dating back to the late Bronze-early Iron Age., 2nd -4th cc.

The cemetery contained tombs of Georgian nobles Pitiakhshes.

Also, they were of three types: Tile graves, sarcophagi and a grave of mausoleum type.  

In addition, there were as well ruins of a palace complex, a bath house, remains of water pipeline, a ceramics workshop and a wine cellar.

The Graves

Graves dating back to 2nd-3rd cc.  AD were especially rich in content:

A gold belt, a gold sheath of dagger, diadems, necklaces, earrings, bracelets, finger-rings, arm-rings etc were discovered at this place.

Gold artifacts were decorated by precious stones among them were diamond, emerald, malachite, sapphire, greenstone etc.

These items had inscriptions mentioning the names of important people, such as Pitiakhshes and their wives etc.

the Sarmazian bilingual

Items of world importance are two stelaes found at this site.

The first is bilingual (Greek-Aramaic) epitaph-so-called Sarmazian bilingual.

The second is monolingual stela with Aramiac inscriptions narrating about the Georgians’ victory in Armenia in the middle of the 1st century AD.