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Georgia best travel destination 

Best vacation you can spend in this year :

We can assure you without exaggeration in our article “Georgia best travel destination” that Georgia is the best vacation place for you .

Georgia for sure is the perfect place for your destination .

It is an ideal place for all nature and adventure enthusiasts and those interested in history and hikers for short and long distances .

On the other hand, it is a place that combines different civilizations in terms of architecture and different styles of buildings with the layout in the composition Civilized

And now we can show you activities that include tourism in this country through a presentation and a summary of the features that are distinguished in all respects, whether cultural or geographical

ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A NEW UNIQUE PLACE TO PLAN YOUR ANNUAL VACATION?

It is worth noting that Georgia has become a tiger of the tourism tigers and Georgia best travel destination,

A new destination for all lovers of new places in terms of nature, culture and adventure at the same time .

In fact we cannot say in an article to talk about this country that is still not exploited or did not discover its tourism ability to absorb All the features in it,

But we will try in this article to shed light on some of its features in a very brief way .

To clarify the points of light in a country that is a human paradise and its icon to spend fun times in a more than wonderful climate

Plant and environmental life :

And we add that this is not only what preceded what makes Georgia one of the most important places near Eastern Europe overlooking the Black Sea .

But Georgia is a distinct place in terms of environmental and biological diversity .

Also, When we look at Georgia best travel destination from the geographically side, we find that it is characterized by a variety of terrain.

Besides the mountains that cover a large area of ​​this country and which are covered with pine trees .

and the distinctive animal life, and being a crossing for many migratory birds .

Also, we find valleys, rivers and hot water sources, which leads us to talk about Georgia’s future for health tourism, physical therapy .

This is what distinguishes water in some The regions .

Whether it is sulfur water, or water that contains radon gas .

That helps solve problems with difficulty walking, especially for diabetics and its side effects on the extremities “such as the Tskaltubo area”.

Also water that helps solve digestive problems and diseases related to the intestine and intestine, such as those in Borjomi .

GEORGIA’S GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION :

In addition, we must look at Georgia’s geographical location,

Clearly is a genius location that lies roughly between two seas :

The Caspian Sea, which does not directly overlook it .

And the Black Sea, which Georgia overlooks with a coast .

This coast is not short and has a view in several cities which differ in their population density, nature, and the features of their beaches from one city to another .

And many of them have a wonderful opportunity to make global tourism investments .

Because it’s still Relatively small , except for Batumi, which has a lot of investments and is still expanding and increasing Georgia’s investments inside it .

Which led it to be one of The most important international and recreational destinations.

Georgia best travel destination in 2020 for the “BIODIVERSITY” :

Also, we cannot fail to mention in this regard to talk about the nature of plants and animals and the biodiversity found in Georgia.

Georgia has huge areas of natural reserves and botanical gardens that you can see in every city of Georgia and every province .

So it started from Tbilisi, the capital and some of its lakes and Its global botanical garden .

Some gardens belonging to the Soviet era and before, to Batumi and its largest botanical garden in Asia .

And the famous “Mtirala” reserve in its shape and tropical composition .

Also Batumi, Likani and Borgomi’s gardens to the enormous exterior reserve that extends to great distances outside Boycott Itself .

Passing through the Lechkhumi reserve in the province of Imerti .

The mangoes and waterfalls of Martvili, and also the Lagodekhi Reserve in the famous Kakheti district of a distinctive nature .

It is famous for the vineyards, which makes it one of the most important sources of the wine industry in the world .

Due to its historical way of making historical Georgian wine .

Georgians consider it as one of the most important traditions that distinguish this country .

That is what we will talk about later.

Ski tourism :

It is also worth noting that Georgia has shifted in recent years to a significant development of ski tourism .

This is a competitive place for some European places .

Especially after entering skiing in the Caucasus Mountains in the Svaneti region .

In addition to the presence of traditional ski places in the Bakuriani region .

There is nowhere more than It is great for skiing in Gudauri, in the high mountains of the Caucasus .

which is a large station on the road between Tbilisi and Kazbegi .

We can notice the charming nature of the area because it is surrounded by mountains covered with pine trees.

Georgian market :

There are also several important hotels and resorts .

along with many hotels and cheap family accommodations .

Certainly, all that will enable you to make a trip at competitive prices .

In addition, you can be away from the monopoly that some international companies may undertake to control markets .

Also, that may hinder small investors to succeed .

But the truth of the matter is The Georgian market is available to everyone .

There is always a place for everyone to make an addition to the tourist market due to the spatial diversity .

In addition, the various activities and choices for the tourist due to the rapprochement between cities and their presence in circular rings with each other .

which carries a lot of surprises for the tourist in the event of a change in the direction of travel from city to another, or even from one village to another.

Civilization and Archaeological heritage :

One aspect that cannot be overlooked is that Georgia has a great culture, civilization and archaeological heritage.

Even fossil activities that indicate the existence of the first human being from outside the African continent.

When the oldest fossils and skeletons dating back more than one million and eight hundred thousand years were found.

You can easily wander through the civilization of the caves known as Tianti in several regions in Georgia .

Marvel at the residential and civilized system of the inhabitants of those areas in these ancient times in an atmosphere of mystery, scientific and cultural excitement,

It is worth noting that Georgians used these cave cities on the mountains in The golden ages of the Georgian owner, especially bagrationi family, who ruled Georgia for ages .

Georgians prepared their armies in these castles .

And were even headquarters for rule and large communities lived in them and always exist beside the famous Georgian rivers in a charming atmosphere and great cultural diversity.

Villages of Georgia :

In addition, look at the villages of Georgia, which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage, given the era of their buildings, their architectural heritage and their ancient traditions.

Suffice it to know that one of the oldest and most important villages in Europe and Asia

It is located in northern Georgia in the northern Georgian Caucasus Mountains .

Without any doubt, is the ancient village of ushguli .

It is an important shrine for all lovers of adventure, hiking and culture from all over the world .

Also, it suffices to say only that Georgia is one of the first Christian countries in the world .

In fact, many historians consider it the first country to take Christianity as its official religion .

We can see with all the existing churches, the ecclesiastical heritage contained within it .

And the oldest Christian symbols in the world .

Georgian wine :

A tourist who loves wine cannot come to Georgia without recognizing it and tasting it.

Georgian wine is long stories that start from its cultivation .

Georgia keeps the original samples of grapes along with the appropriate soil .

In addition, the method used from thousands of years, so it is sacred and noble in the Georgian life.

Also, we find many Georgian families working in the industry .

They are proud of having these antique methods .

The original qualities of the industry along with the superior ability to taste .

Diversity in production,

Also distinguishes that industry that produces organic wine and does not use any chemicals in the cultivation of grapes .

This is evident through Sample different samples of this product.

Therefore, we find that in order to obtain quality, there are specialized Georgian institutions that monitor the method of agriculture and industry .

The specialized institutions may take up to three years to give you the quality.

Georgians relied on the use of large earthenware vessels in the method of making Georgian wine

Large crockery is stressful methods and require experience and patience at work .

Therefore the Georgian wine is a strategic and vital product and one of the sources of income for the Georgian state.

Last but not least, the Georgian people are a people who love strangers and consider them a gift from God .

This is evident by Georgia’s acceptance of different races and respect for the requirements of all visitors.

You can also find many restaurants, from Arab to Asian restaurants, as well as Georgian restaurants, with tolerance and welcome .

The article was edited by :

International Service Company Group”ISCG” LLC  

Georgia – Tbilisi – Romantic Travel Georgia / all right reserved

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Wine production in Georgia

 

History of Georgian Wine production :

We consider the Wine production in Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world. All evidence points out that the earliest wine production was in Georgia.

Features of wine production in Georgia :

  • Grape seeds have been found in Caucasian tombs 7000 years ago along with wine implements such as clay vessels.
  • In addition, nowhere in the world is the evidence of viniculture so old.
  • There are no countries where wine culture is more developed and cherished.

The variety of Georgian Wine :

  • Incredibly there are 500 species of wine and most of them are still unknown to the rest of the world.
  • Wine producing technique is the same it was long ago .
  • But slightly developed and refined over the centuries : Wine is placed in earthenware vessels (in Georgian “Kvevri) buried in the ground up to their necks.
  • These pitchers resemble amphora with their shape and material.
  • Georgians made it of-the clay.
  • Everything goes inside the Qvevri-grapes with skins, stalks, grape stone.
  • Also, We must hermetically closed Qvevri and bury it under the ground.
  • Grapes ferment on its natural yeast and gradually mature into wine.
  • The process of fermentation usually takes three of four months and the result is vitamin-rich and flavorful wine.

Marani :

  • Georgian people own special places called Marani beside their houses, with different sizes of Kvevries buried. 
  • Certainly, Georgia’s wines fall into several zones: Kakheti and kartli in the east and Samegrelo, Adjaria, Guria and Imereti in the west.
  • Every region of Georgia grows its own unique varieties of grape and that is why Georgian wines have unique taste.
  • Wines produced in Georgia are white and red depending on the variety of grape it is made from.
  • Moreover, besides red and white wines one can also find some champagne taps in Georgia.

Kakheti :

  • Kakheti is a major place for wine production in Georgia ( more read about Kakheti region, click here ). Wine production in Kakheti has a very secular history.
  • Georgians grow Almost three-quarters of wine grapes in the country’s here .
  • They use the land for viticulture for thousands of years.
  • On the other hand, we can prove that by archeological findings in the region .
  • The regions strong relationship with wine we can see it in words of famous hymn ‘Thou art a vineyard’.
  • King Demetrius has written the famous hymn ‘Thou art a vineyard’ in the 12th century.
  • Georgians made the Best-known red wines from this region of grape varieties of Saperavi and Kaberne.
  • On the other hand, they made the white wines of Rkatsiteli and Khikhvi.

Racha-Lechkhumi :

  • Rasha-Lechkhumi is one of Georgia’s smallest regions, but despite its diminutive size, it remains one of the important wine regions in Georgia.
  • A main distinctive feature of the wines produced in this small region is that they are sweeter than their western counterparts. It is a result of the extremely high sugar levels created by the sunny climate.

White wines in Racha-Lechkhumi :

  • The varieties of white wines in Racha-Lechkhumi are Tretra, Tsiska and Tsolikauri. As for the red wines,they  are based on Alexandrouli, Mujuretuli (Keduretuli), Usakhelauri, Orbeluri Odzhaleshi and Saperavi.Imereti Wines-The fame of Kakhetian wine is known around the world but still not many people heard about the wines in Imereti.
  • In fact, the roots of viticulture can be traced back to the times of the kingdom of Kolkhida, Imereti.
  • The main features of the wines produced in this region are that Imereti wines are weaker and usually sourer than wines of Kakheti.

Imeretian wines :

  • Among the best known Imeretian wines, we consider Krakhuna to be the most imeretian wine.
  • Another wide spread wine in Imereti, we call it Tsolikouri, which is a light yellow-skinned white grape variety, Georgians cultivate it in Kolkhida lowland.
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Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste

Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste

 

Georgia has its own style of cooking, How?

  • In our article “Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste” Let’s take a look at the most important features of  Georgian food.
  • Because based primarily on ancient recipes, but you can also find many bold proposals from avant-garde chefs as well.
  • In addition to being a cuisine specific to each country with many traditional characteristics, the other culinary traditions influenced the Georgian cuisine, mainly from the Middle East, Western Asia and Europe.

           Georgian cuisine,world wide known :

  • In fact,Georgian cuisine offers a wide variety of dishes.
  • This is mainly due to the fact that the historic region of Georgia has its own culinary tradition.
  • Among these, the Megeliana, Imeretian and Khaki cuisines are the best known and the most popular. 

       why Georgian food ?

  •   Eating in Georgia does not only mean filling the stomach, but it is also because of that, the friendship linked to eat in Georgia , celebration, exchange, etc,that’s why we consider it as it is a very important tradition for all Georgians.
  • This is why also, the portion sizes are always large and, furthermore it would be difficult to find individual tables in Georgian restaurants.

 what’s “supra” ?

  • First of all,the most symbolic form for the Georgian festival we call it “Supra”.
  • “Supra” is an important part of the Georgian social culture.
  • In the Georgian language, Supra literally means “mantel”.
  • for the reason that, we are never keeping large public meals without Supra and, if there are no tables, probably they are throwing to the ground.

           TAMADA :

  • Actually, Supra has its specific rules, regardless of the type and size,Tamada is always guiding the supra,by the way Tamada is the name of (Toastmaster), who proposes toasts.

        Tamada must have a great rhetorical capacity  

  • Certainly,this is the main reason why we chose him as a master of cakes .
  • above all,TAMADA seems like he has the ability to consume a large amount of alcohol without showing any signs of drunkenness.
  • The toast continues counterclockwise and if everyone who wanted to speak did so, Tamada proposes another toast and the circle begins again.

          Typical dishes prepared in Georgian cuisine 

       Meat:

  • The priority in Georgian cuisine is given to meat dishes.

  • Among the best known and  popular ones are :

        Khinkali:

  • Firstly,Khinkali is Georgian dumplings. we made it mainly, from mutton or veal.
  • The meat filling Khinkali is raw and when we cook it, its juices are trapped inside. 

         how To eat Khinkali :

  •  one must hold Khinkali by its top (Using it as a handle) and suck the juice while taking the first bite. These “handles” are not normally eaten.
  • Eating Khinkali without making a mess is a real art for Georgians and Expert Khinkali eaters are very proud of this.

         Satsivi :

  • Satsivi is a cold sauce. we prepare it  from poultry broth with additions of various spices, dried herbs, garlic, water and salt to taste.
  • We also Boil turkey or chicken pieces and submerge it in the sauce is a staple of winter holiday feasts.

       Cheese:

         One more characteristic feature for Georgian cuisine is the use of plentiful of  Cheeses.

        Khachapuri

  • Without any doubt, Khachapuri is a farinaceous meal with big amount of cheese. we literally translate it “Cheese bread” and often,sometimes we call it as “Georgian pizza.” .
  • Most noteworthy,The dough for Khachapuri must be tender that’s why we add Matsoni to its ingredients. As for the cheese, we must soak it and slightly wring it out.

          khachapuri and the Georgian regions :

  • In addition to that,There are many variations of Khachapuri (Imeretian, Megrelian, and Ajaruli). The most extravagant is Ajaruli Khachapuri, a boat-shaped pizza with an egg and butter added just before serving.

        Vegetables and greens

  •  Vegetables are widely used in Georgia as food. we always accompany The abundance of meats on a Georgian table by considerable quantity of vegetables and greens.

          Among the most popular dishes using vegetables and greens are :

          Mkhali

  •    Mkhali is a hallmark of Georgian cuisine. It is a vegetable salad with one basic vegetable with the same name     “Mkhali”.
  • Mtsvadi :

    •  Mtsvadi is a Georgian Shish Kebab ,we prepare it mainly from beef. usually,we cook it on the grill and serve it  with onions and mushrooms.
    • Georgian Mtsvadi is very famous,and certainly, we distinguish it with special aroma and juiciness.
    • While preparing Mtsvadi one must take into account to use marinated meat, then cut it into pieces and mix with salt, pepper and onions.

        Other basic vegetables for Mkhali are:

  • Cabbage, beet, sweet pepper and onions.
  • As for seasoning, walnuts, red pepper, parsley greens, garlic, vinegar and salt that we use it. we thermally processed it, then we boil it or bake it and we crush and mix it with each other.
  • This combination of different vegetables and greens creates a special taste. 

         Lobio :

  • is a rich dish consisting of boiled red beans mixed with seasoning.
  • The most widespread components for Lobio are: onions, wine vinegar, vegetable oil, greens such as parsley, coriander, leek, mint, basil etc.
  • Also,we can add Some dry spices such as red and black peppers, saffron and suneli .

       Sweets:

                Best-known sweets among the traditional Georgian Cuisine ones are:

       Churchkhela

Churchkhela is a traditional kind of sweets in Georgia. we make it of nuts beaded on the thread and then we cook it in grape juice, which is flour-thickened. There are varieties of this sweetmeat; among them best-known recipes of churchkhela is Kakhetian and Imeretian ones.

          Gozinaki

  •  We serve Gozinaki to a festive table on the first day of New Year and has special gusto for the Georgians.
  • we can prepare it easily: One must warm honey and sugar in a casserole and then add nuts and we fry it to brown. Then we mix and cut all these into random pieces. 

One of the amazing georgian cuisine amazing taste :

          Pelamushi is thick jelly made of grape juice and corn meal. It is mainly served with nuts. The mixture of corn meal and grape juice must be boiled and thoroughly stirred before cooling.

      Wine and Wine making:

  • Above all,Wine production began in Georgia centuries ago.
  • Wine is one of the ancient fields of agriculture in Georgia.
  • Producing different types of wines is an entire culture in Georgia.
  • On the other hand,The country produces a great variety of wines: such as,red and white wines and inflated champagne.

 

  • These wines are unique with a distinctive flavor, and amazing taste
  • The uniqueness of Georgian wines depends on where we make it.
  • Most noteworthy,we must mention that each region of Georgia cultivates its own grape varieties.
  • For example, in Kakheti, which has a centuries-old history of wine production.

          The variety of Georgian Wine, amazing taste :

  • The best known varieties of red wine are Saperavi and Kabern and the varieties for white wine – Rkatsiteli and Khikhvi.
  • In the Racha-Lechkhumi region, a small town of Khvanchkara produces the best-known wine of the same name. Another famous variety of Georgian wines is Odjaleshi, originally from Megrelia.
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Amazing Georgian wine history

Why the amazing Georgian wine is special ?

A tourist who loves wine cannot come to Georgia without recognizing the amazing georgian wine and tasting it.

Wine of Georgia has long stories that start from its cultivation and Georgia keeps the original samples of grapes along with the appropriate soil.

Also, the method used from thousands of years, so it is sacred and noble in the Georgian life.

Georgia’s families traditions depend heavily on winemaking throughout its history :

Also, we find many Georgian families working in the industry that are proud of having these antique methods.

And the original qualities of the industry along with the superior ability to taste and diversity in production.

In addition,we can distinguish in this industry that they produce organic wine and does not use any chemicals in the cultivation of grapes, and this is evident through Sample different samples of this product.

Therefore, we find that in order to obtain quality, there are specialized Georgian institutions that monitor the method of agriculture and industry, which may take up to three years to give you the quality.

the method of making the wine in Georgia :

It is also clear that the method of making Georgian wine depends on using of large crockery, which are stressful methods and require experience and patience at work .

And therefore the Georgian wine is a strategic and vital product and one of the sources of income for the Georgian state.

Last but not least, the Georgians are a people who love strangers and consider them a gift from God.

And this is evident by Georgia’s acceptance of different races and respect for the requirements of all visitors.

You can also find many restaurants, from Arab to Asian restaurants, as well as Georgian restaurants, with tolerance and welcome .

For those interested in Georgian wine tours, click here

– The article was edited by :
International Service Company Group”ISCG” LLC 
Georgia – Tbilisi – Romantic Travel Georgia / all right reserved
especial georgian food
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Georgian wine tour package 8 days

Georgian Food / Delicious and varied

 

About Georgian Food :

Georgian food has a variety of dishes and calories in this food while maintaining that it is healthy food at the same time.

Why Georgian Food is unique :

What a nice surprise waiting for you!

Imagine a slightly heavy Eastern European cuisine, with … you know … goulash, or soft dishes and few vegetarian options.

Georgian cuisine is the opposite! It is subtle, full of flavors, herbs and spices, all cooked with fresh and seasonal products.

Ingredients and famous dishes :

In addition, The recurring ingredients during our stay in Georgia especially in summer,will include aubergines, walnuts, tomatoes, watermelons, plums and grapes.

Also, The dishes of adjapsandalis (ratatouille) or lobios (spicy bean soup) that you should try to taste it.

without forgetting the famous kinkhalis (ravioli stuffed with meat, mushrooms or potatoes).

Almost everywhere, bakers bake their delicious traditional Georgian bread at any time, even at any time of the day, which can be purchased hot and crunchy.

Georgian Wine :

Finally, Georgians are particularly proud to have invented wine 8000 years ago and have continued production since then.

Almost all families produce their own wine and you will have many opportunities to try it for an opinion.

Also, Some are surprising at the beginning, others are delicious from the beginning to the end of the glass (or the bottle if you are thirsty).

Gonio Fortress

Firstly, Gonio Fortress area is one of the important archeological sites in Georgia located in Southwest Georgia, Achara Autonomous Republic, on the left bank of Chorokhi River.

Location and description :

  • The distance from Batumi to Gonio is about 15 km, from Tbilisi-380 km.
  • Gonio fortress is the oldest fortress in Georgia occupying approximately the territory of 4, 5 hectares.
  • Its history amounts to millenniums.
  • The archeological layers of the territory belong to XV-XVII centuries BC. 
  • Archeological excavations conducted on the territory discovered materials of Hellenistic period.
  • It is worth noting that public buildings are also found together with the material items such as pottery, bronze, silver, gold etc.
  • In addition, the ancient fortress erected at the mouth of Chorokhi River is one of the popular tourist attractions all over Georgia.
  • The fortress was a Roman fortification in Achara.

History of Gonio :

  • In the 2nd century AD Gonio was a well-fortified Roman city within Colchis .
  • Moreover, we know it by its theatre and hippodrome. It later came under Byzantine influence .
  • Nowadays the remnants of the ancient fortress consist of massive defensive wall of the most perfect stonework, reinforced with the counter-forcing structures .
  • Also several military paths and crenels, remains of monumental construction, Roman bathhouse, ancient water supply system, fragments of an ancient caravansary of the  XVI-XVII centuries, clay baking ovens etc.

Gonio Treasure :

  • Among the numerous artifacts found on the territory the most note-worthy is the set of gold things known as “Gonio Treasure”.
  • Also, they are undoubtedly brilliant samples of high level of craftsmanship and sophisticated art.
  • In general, the material discovered on the territory belongs to different historical periods.
  • Earliest samples date from VIII-VII cc. BC and the latest-XIX c. AD.
  • In the end, you can spend a good time in the hotels in the area
  • Also, you can make various excursions, starting from the distinguished Junio Beach to enjoy Batumi and the mountains around it .
  • Enjoy life and night activities in Batumi .

Tbilisi open air – Ethnography museum

We laid the foundation stone for the Tbilisi Open Air Museum of Ethnography on April 27, 1966.

The Georgians named the museum after Giorgi Chitaya, a Georgian ethnographer and founder of the museum.

It was the first open-air museum in the entire Caucasus region.

Information about Museum :

Architects disposed Tbilisi Open air museum on the northern ridge of Mtatsminda mountain between the Vake Park and a picturesque area of Tortoise pond.

Also,the museum covers 50 hectares of land and Georgians arranged it in eleven zones where 70 houses .

They disposed thrift buildings characteristic for the various parts of Georgia .

More clearly, they moved piece by piece the wooden houses from their native villages .

In addition,the main theme of this architectural theme park is the architectural style and the way of living.

Moreover,the museum displays more than 8000 items.

Georgians present The exhibition according to the main territorial subdivisions of Georgia.

There are traditional Darbazi-type and fiat-roofed houses from Eastern Georgia, wooden houses with gable roofs of straw or boards from western Georgia, towers from mountainous provinces of Khevsureti, Khevi, Tusheti and Svaneti, wattle maize storages from Imereti and Samegrelo, Khakhetian wineries, Kartli water mills etc.

A collection of household items are also noteworthy; it contains distaffs, chums, knitting frames, carpets, clothes, pottery, furniture and so on.

Furthermore,there is a basilica from Tianeti and a 6th-7th century burial vault with sarcophagus on the territory of the museum as well.

The festival of Art-gene is firmly connected with the museum. It is an annual folk culture festival held from 2004.

To read more about Tbilisi’s history and sightseeing ,click here.

Usually we can take some excursions beside the museum :

we can certainly follow the visit to the museum by other recreational visits carried out by the company for lovers of adventure and nature .

Especially the high Caucasus Mountains outside Tbilisi, which are full of picturesque resorts .

Georgian tour

Dzalisi city

Location of Dzalisi city in this tour:

We will take you in georgian tour in Dzalisi, it is a historic village located in Georgia, Mtskheta-Mtianeti region.
It is about 50 km northwest of Tbilisi.

History of Georgian Dzalisi :

Firstly, we must be aware that the first mention of Dzalisi is with Ptolemy.

According to him, Dzalisi was one of the principal towns of Iberia, which was an ancient Georgian kingdom.

Dzalisi area is known for its historical and archeological importance.

In fact, Georgia was among the first countries in the world to adopt Christianity.

The Eastern Georgian kingdom Iberia converted to Christianity in 327 AD when the king of Iberia Mirian III established it as the official state religion.

According to the Georgian chronicles, St. Nino of Capadocia converted Georgia to Christianity in 330.

Therefore, the date varies based on numerous historical documents and accounts.

But it is a proved fact that by the 4th century both kingdoms of Lazica and Iberia adopted Christianity as the official state religion.

Also, this adoption tied the country to Byzantinbe Empire which had strong cultural influence over it.

During the 4th and 5th centuries, Iberia came under Persian control and governors appointed by Shahs ruled the country.

to read more about the georgian history, please click here

Archeological tour in the city:

Archeological excavations and digs conducted on the territory revealed the remains of four palaces .

And other buildings, such as baths, acropolis, swimming pool, barracks for soldiers, water supply system, burial grounds etc.

One of the four palaces is noteworthy for its mosaics, which are the oldest mosaics found in Caucasus.

Georgian’s oldest moasaics:

It dates from the 3rd century AD depicting a banquette scene of Ariadne and Dionysus.

To learn more about nature panorama and our tour in Georgian cities,  you can view the company’s BLOG by clicking here

Bagrati cathedral

Kutaisi city

The UNESCO World Heritage

The UNESCO included Kutaisi city Bagrati cathedral in World Heritage Site in 1994 as single entity.

In addition, UNESCO designated endangered the site, the UNesco mention that experts didn’t carefully prepare the previous restoration .

Despite this, proponents of restoration argued that the site was more likely to fall apart if it was let to soak in rainwater, as it had done for centuries.

Also, it is the cathedral of the Dormition or Kutaisi Cathedral, In addition most commonly known as Bagrati cathedral.
In fact, they built it in the early years of the 1th century during the reign of the king Bagrat III due to this, Georgians call the cathedral “Bagrati”.

About Bagrati Cathedral

The Cathedral is located in the center of Kutaisi, the region of Imereti. Resting upon the top of Ukimerioni hill, it was built in the early years of the 11th century. More precisely, as the inscription on the north wall reveals the floor laid in “Chronicon 223. i.e.1003.

Imereti kingdom

When Ottomans invaded Imereti kingdom in 1512 through its southern neighbor Samtskhe and unexpectedly struck Bagrat’s capital Kutaisi, they devastated Bagrati cathedral by an explosion.

Also, this incident caused cupola and ceiling to collapse.

Georgians officially rebuilt the cathedral on September 16, 2012.

Nowadays it serves as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture.

They also frequently used it as a symbol of the whole city of Kutaisi, being one of its main tourist attractions.

Architecture :

The Bagrati Temple is a moat-shaped cross-dome structure with crossed arms and four free-standing columns below the dome. The building has a great interior.

West arm has three naves, the aisles are two stories high, and it has choirs on the second floor.

The camps next to the east altar are also double-decker.

Also, the solution of the interior of the temple is clearly seen in the exterior masses.

By the way, the south and north arms protrude from the connection lines of the parts and emphasize the cross plan concept.

The architect of Bagrati Temple built the dome on tall poles and used a uniform system of furnishings from plan to façade, which was a first in Georgian architecture.

They decorated The walls and floors of the building with mosaics.

A few decades after its construction, they added richly carved doors to the west and south arms of the church.

On the south door there are remains of a fresco – the image of the Virgin.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral

Mtskheta :

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is a Georgian orthodox church situated in the ancient historical town of Mtskheta , 20 km northwest from Tbilisi. This cathedral is known as the burial place of Christ’s mantle.  According to Georgian hagiography, in the 1st century AD a Georgian Jew named Elias was in Jerusalem when Christ was crucified. He managed to buy Christ’s mantle from a Roman soldier and bring it back to Georgia. When he returned back to Mtskheta, his native town, his sister Sidonia met him and after touching the mantle she immediately died from the emotions engendered by the sacred object. The robe could not be removed from her grasp and she was buried with it. This place where Sidonia is buried with the mantle is persevered in the cathedral.

Tree of St. Nino :

Later on a cedar tree was grown from her grave. The tree was chopped down and St. Nino made from it seven columns for the church’s foundation. The seventh column had magical properties: it rose itself in the air and returned to earth only after St. Nino prayed the whole night. (Hence the name “Svetitskhoveli”). In Georgian Sveti means “pillar” and “Tskhoveli” means “living.”

History of svetitskhoveli cathedral :

The original church was built in the 4th century AD during the reign of Mirian III of Kartli, byt the original cathedral has been damaged several times during the history notably by the invasions of Arabs, Persians, Timur and lately by Russian subjugation and the Soviet period. The building has also been damaged by earthquakes.

The church architecture :

Restoration period began in 1970 during which the base of basilica built during the reign of Vakhtang Gorgasali after St. Nino was found. Basilica was the dominant type of the Georgian church architecture before the cross-dome style emerged. When Svetitskhoveli was rebuilt in the 11th century, this type of cross-dome was chosen by the architect Arsakidze and Catholicos-Patriarch Melkisedek of Georgia. During the reign of the king Erekle II a defensive wall was built around the cathedral in 1787. The top storey was designed for military purposes and that is why it has gun emplacements. Also it is worth mentioning that archeological expeditions conducted there found the house of Patriarch of the 11th century.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is the second largest church in Georgia after Tbilisi holy trinity cathedral. It is listed as an UNESCO world heritage site along with other historical monuments of Mtskheta.