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Georgian wine tour package 8 days
Incroyable histoire du vin géorgien
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Wine production in Georgia


History of Georgian Wine production :

We consider the Wine production in Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world. All evidence points out that the earliest wine production was in Georgia.

Features of wine production in Georgia :

  • Grape seeds have been found in Caucasian tombs 7000 years ago along with wine implements such as clay vessels.
  • In addition, nowhere in the world is the evidence of viniculture so old.
  • There are no countries where wine culture is more developed and cherished.

The variety of Georgian Wine :

  • Incredibly there are 500 species of wine and most of them are still unknown to the rest of the world.
  • Wine producing technique is the same it was long ago .
  • But slightly developed and refined over the centuries : Wine is placed in earthenware vessels (in Georgian “Kvevri) buried in the ground up to their necks.
  • These pitchers resemble amphora with their shape and material.
  • Georgians made it of-the clay.
  • Everything goes inside the Qvevri-grapes with skins, stalks, grape stone.
  • Also, We must hermetically closed Qvevri and bury it under the ground.
  • Grapes ferment on its natural yeast and gradually mature into wine.
  • The process of fermentation usually takes three of four months and the result is vitamin-rich and flavorful wine.

Marani :

  • Georgian people own special places called Marani beside their houses, with different sizes of Kvevries buried. 
  • Certainly, Georgia’s wines fall into several zones: Kakheti and kartli in the east and Samegrelo, Adjaria, Guria and Imereti in the west.
  • Every region of Georgia grows its own unique varieties of grape and that is why Georgian wines have unique taste.
  • Wines produced in Georgia are white and red depending on the variety of grape it is made from.
  • Moreover, besides red and white wines one can also find some champagne taps in Georgia.

Kakheti :

  • Kakheti is a major place for wine production in Georgia ( more read about Kakheti region, click here ). Wine production in Kakheti has a very secular history.
  • Georgians grow Almost three-quarters of wine grapes in the country’s here .
  • They use the land for viticulture for thousands of years.
  • On the other hand, we can prove that by archeological findings in the region .
  • The regions strong relationship with wine we can see it in words of famous hymn ‘Thou art a vineyard’.
  • King Demetrius has written the famous hymn ‘Thou art a vineyard’ in the 12th century.
  • Georgians made the Best-known red wines from this region of grape varieties of Saperavi and Kaberne.
  • On the other hand, they made the white wines of Rkatsiteli and Khikhvi.

Racha-Lechkhumi :

  • Rasha-Lechkhumi is one of Georgia’s smallest regions, but despite its diminutive size, it remains one of the important wine regions in Georgia.
  • A main distinctive feature of the wines produced in this small region is that they are sweeter than their western counterparts. It is a result of the extremely high sugar levels created by the sunny climate.

White wines in Racha-Lechkhumi :

  • The varieties of white wines in Racha-Lechkhumi are Tretra, Tsiska and Tsolikauri. As for the red wines,they  are based on Alexandrouli, Mujuretuli (Keduretuli), Usakhelauri, Orbeluri Odzhaleshi and Saperavi.Imereti Wines-The fame of Kakhetian wine is known around the world but still not many people heard about the wines in Imereti.
  • In fact, the roots of viticulture can be traced back to the times of the kingdom of Kolkhida, Imereti.
  • The main features of the wines produced in this region are that Imereti wines are weaker and usually sourer than wines of Kakheti.

Imeretian wines :

  • Among the best known Imeretian wines, we consider Krakhuna to be the most imeretian wine.
  • Another wide spread wine in Imereti, we call it Tsolikouri, which is a light yellow-skinned white grape variety, Georgians cultivate it in Kolkhida lowland.
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Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste

Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste


Georgia has its own style of cooking, How?

  • In our article “Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste” Let’s take a look at the most important features of  Georgian food.
  • Because based primarily on ancient recipes, but you can also find many bold proposals from avant-garde chefs as well.
  • In addition to being a cuisine specific to each country with many traditional characteristics, the other culinary traditions influenced the Georgian cuisine, mainly from the Middle East, Western Asia and Europe.

           Georgian cuisine,world wide known :

  • In fact,Georgian cuisine offers a wide variety of dishes.
  • This is mainly due to the fact that the historic region of Georgia has its own culinary tradition.
  • Among these, the Megeliana, Imeretian and Khaki cuisines are the best known and the most popular. 

       why Georgian food ?

  •   Eating in Georgia does not only mean filling the stomach, but it is also because of that, the friendship linked to eat in Georgia , celebration, exchange, etc,that’s why we consider it as it is a very important tradition for all Georgians.
  • This is why also, the portion sizes are always large and, furthermore it would be difficult to find individual tables in Georgian restaurants.

 what’s “supra” ?

  • First of all,the most symbolic form for the Georgian festival we call it “Supra”.
  • “Supra” is an important part of the Georgian social culture.
  • In the Georgian language, Supra literally means “mantel”.
  • for the reason that, we are never keeping large public meals without Supra and, if there are no tables, probably they are throwing to the ground.

           TAMADA :

  • Actually, Supra has its specific rules, regardless of the type and size,Tamada is always guiding the supra,by the way Tamada is the name of (Toastmaster), who proposes toasts.

        Tamada must have a great rhetorical capacity  

  • Certainly,this is the main reason why we chose him as a master of cakes .
  • above all,TAMADA seems like he has the ability to consume a large amount of alcohol without showing any signs of drunkenness.
  • The toast continues counterclockwise and if everyone who wanted to speak did so, Tamada proposes another toast and the circle begins again.

          Typical dishes prepared in Georgian cuisine 


  • The priority in Georgian cuisine is given to meat dishes.

  • Among the best known and  popular ones are :


  • Firstly,Khinkali is Georgian dumplings. we made it mainly, from mutton or veal.
  • The meat filling Khinkali is raw and when we cook it, its juices are trapped inside. 

         how To eat Khinkali :

  •  one must hold Khinkali by its top (Using it as a handle) and suck the juice while taking the first bite. These “handles” are not normally eaten.
  • Eating Khinkali without making a mess is a real art for Georgians and Expert Khinkali eaters are very proud of this.

         Satsivi :

  • Satsivi is a cold sauce. we prepare it  from poultry broth with additions of various spices, dried herbs, garlic, water and salt to taste.
  • We also Boil turkey or chicken pieces and submerge it in the sauce is a staple of winter holiday feasts.


         One more characteristic feature for Georgian cuisine is the use of plentiful of  Cheeses.


  • Without any doubt, Khachapuri is a farinaceous meal with big amount of cheese. we literally translate it “Cheese bread” and often,sometimes we call it as “Georgian pizza.” .
  • Most noteworthy,The dough for Khachapuri must be tender that’s why we add Matsoni to its ingredients. As for the cheese, we must soak it and slightly wring it out.

          khachapuri and the Georgian regions :

  • In addition to that,There are many variations of Khachapuri (Imeretian, Megrelian, and Ajaruli). The most extravagant is Ajaruli Khachapuri, a boat-shaped pizza with an egg and butter added just before serving.

        Vegetables and greens

  •  Vegetables are widely used in Georgia as food. we always accompany The abundance of meats on a Georgian table by considerable quantity of vegetables and greens.

          Among the most popular dishes using vegetables and greens are :


  •    Mkhali is a hallmark of Georgian cuisine. It is a vegetable salad with one basic vegetable with the same name     “Mkhali”.
  • Mtsvadi :

    •  Mtsvadi is a Georgian Shish Kebab ,we prepare it mainly from beef. usually,we cook it on the grill and serve it  with onions and mushrooms.
    • Georgian Mtsvadi is very famous,and certainly, we distinguish it with special aroma and juiciness.
    • While preparing Mtsvadi one must take into account to use marinated meat, then cut it into pieces and mix with salt, pepper and onions.

        Other basic vegetables for Mkhali are:

  • Cabbage, beet, sweet pepper and onions.
  • As for seasoning, walnuts, red pepper, parsley greens, garlic, vinegar and salt that we use it. we thermally processed it, then we boil it or bake it and we crush and mix it with each other.
  • This combination of different vegetables and greens creates a special taste. 

         Lobio :

  • is a rich dish consisting of boiled red beans mixed with seasoning.
  • The most widespread components for Lobio are: onions, wine vinegar, vegetable oil, greens such as parsley, coriander, leek, mint, basil etc.
  • Also,we can add Some dry spices such as red and black peppers, saffron and suneli .


                Best-known sweets among the traditional Georgian Cuisine ones are:


Churchkhela is a traditional kind of sweets in Georgia. we make it of nuts beaded on the thread and then we cook it in grape juice, which is flour-thickened. There are varieties of this sweetmeat; among them best-known recipes of churchkhela is Kakhetian and Imeretian ones.


  •  We serve Gozinaki to a festive table on the first day of New Year and has special gusto for the Georgians.
  • we can prepare it easily: One must warm honey and sugar in a casserole and then add nuts and we fry it to brown. Then we mix and cut all these into random pieces. 

One of the amazing georgian cuisine amazing taste :

          Pelamushi is thick jelly made of grape juice and corn meal. It is mainly served with nuts. The mixture of corn meal and grape juice must be boiled and thoroughly stirred before cooling.

      Wine and Wine making:

  • Above all,Wine production began in Georgia centuries ago.
  • Wine is one of the ancient fields of agriculture in Georgia.
  • Producing different types of wines is an entire culture in Georgia.
  • On the other hand,The country produces a great variety of wines: such as,red and white wines and inflated champagne.


  • These wines are unique with a distinctive flavor, and amazing taste
  • The uniqueness of Georgian wines depends on where we make it.
  • Most noteworthy,we must mention that each region of Georgia cultivates its own grape varieties.
  • For example, in Kakheti, which has a centuries-old history of wine production.

          The variety of Georgian Wine, amazing taste :

  • The best known varieties of red wine are Saperavi and Kabern and the varieties for white wine – Rkatsiteli and Khikhvi.
  • In the Racha-Lechkhumi region, a small town of Khvanchkara produces the best-known wine of the same name. Another famous variety of Georgian wines is Odjaleshi, originally from Megrelia.
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Amazing Georgian wine history

Why the amazing Georgian wine is special ?

A tourist who loves wine cannot come to Georgia without recognizing the amazing georgian wine and tasting it.

Wine of Georgia has long stories that start from its cultivation and Georgia keeps the original samples of grapes along with the appropriate soil.

Also, the method used from thousands of years, so it is sacred and noble in the Georgian life.

Georgia’s families traditions depend heavily on winemaking throughout its history :

Also, we find many Georgian families working in the industry that are proud of having these antique methods.

And the original qualities of the industry along with the superior ability to taste and diversity in production.

In addition,we can distinguish in this industry that they produce organic wine and does not use any chemicals in the cultivation of grapes, and this is evident through Sample different samples of this product.

Therefore, we find that in order to obtain quality, there are specialized Georgian institutions that monitor the method of agriculture and industry, which may take up to three years to give you the quality.

the method of making the wine in Georgia :

It is also clear that the method of making Georgian wine depends on using of large crockery, which are stressful methods and require experience and patience at work .

And therefore the Georgian wine is a strategic and vital product and one of the sources of income for the Georgian state.

Last but not least, the Georgians are a people who love strangers and consider them a gift from God.

And this is evident by Georgia’s acceptance of different races and respect for the requirements of all visitors.

You can also find many restaurants, from Arab to Asian restaurants, as well as Georgian restaurants, with tolerance and welcome .

For those interested in Georgian wine tours, click here

– The article was edited by :
International Service Company Group”ISCG” LLC 
Georgia – Tbilisi – Romantic Travel Georgia / all right reserved
especial georgian food
Культура и природа в Грузии
Georgian wine tour package
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Georgian wine tour package 8 days

Georgian Food / Delicious and varied


About Georgian Food :

Georgian food has a variety of dishes and calories in this food while maintaining that it is healthy food at the same time.

Why Georgian Food is unique :

What a nice surprise waiting for you!

Imagine a slightly heavy Eastern European cuisine, with … you know … goulash, or soft dishes and few vegetarian options.

Georgian cuisine is the opposite! It is subtle, full of flavors, herbs and spices, all cooked with fresh and seasonal products.

Ingredients and famous dishes :

In addition, The recurring ingredients during our stay in Georgia especially in summer,will include aubergines, walnuts, tomatoes, watermelons, plums and grapes.

Also, The dishes of adjapsandalis (ratatouille) or lobios (spicy bean soup) that you should try to taste it.

without forgetting the famous kinkhalis (ravioli stuffed with meat, mushrooms or potatoes).

Almost everywhere, bakers bake their delicious traditional Georgian bread at any time, even at any time of the day, which can be purchased hot and crunchy.

Georgian Wine :

Finally, Georgians are particularly proud to have invented wine 8000 years ago and have continued production since then.

Almost all families produce their own wine and you will have many opportunities to try it for an opinion.

Also, Some are surprising at the beginning, others are delicious from the beginning to the end of the glass (or the bottle if you are thirsty).

Tbilisi open air – Ethnography museum

We laid the foundation stone for the Tbilisi Open Air Museum of Ethnography on April 27, 1966.

The Georgians named the museum after Giorgi Chitaya, a Georgian ethnographer and founder of the museum.

It was the first open-air museum in the entire Caucasus region.

Information about Museum :

Architects disposed Tbilisi Open air museum on the northern ridge of Mtatsminda mountain between the Vake Park and a picturesque area of Tortoise pond.

Also,the museum covers 50 hectares of land and Georgians arranged it in eleven zones where 70 houses .

They disposed thrift buildings characteristic for the various parts of Georgia .

More clearly, they moved piece by piece the wooden houses from their native villages .

In addition,the main theme of this architectural theme park is the architectural style and the way of living.

Moreover,the museum displays more than 8000 items.

Georgians present The exhibition according to the main territorial subdivisions of Georgia.

There are traditional Darbazi-type and fiat-roofed houses from Eastern Georgia, wooden houses with gable roofs of straw or boards from western Georgia, towers from mountainous provinces of Khevsureti, Khevi, Tusheti and Svaneti, wattle maize storages from Imereti and Samegrelo, Khakhetian wineries, Kartli water mills etc.

A collection of household items are also noteworthy; it contains distaffs, chums, knitting frames, carpets, clothes, pottery, furniture and so on.

Furthermore,there is a basilica from Tianeti and a 6th-7th century burial vault with sarcophagus on the territory of the museum as well.

The festival of Art-gene is firmly connected with the museum. It is an annual folk culture festival held from 2004.

To read more about Tbilisi’s history and sightseeing ,click here.

Usually we can take some excursions beside the museum :

we can certainly follow the visit to the museum by other recreational visits carried out by the company for lovers of adventure and nature .

Especially the high Caucasus Mountains outside Tbilisi, which are full of picturesque resorts .

Georgian tour

Dzalisi city

Location of Dzalisi city in this tour:

We will take you in georgian tour in Dzalisi, it is a historic village located in Georgia, Mtskheta-Mtianeti region.
It is about 50 km northwest of Tbilisi.

History of Georgian Dzalisi :

Firstly, we must be aware that the first mention of Dzalisi is with Ptolemy.

According to him, Dzalisi was one of the principal towns of Iberia, which was an ancient Georgian kingdom.

Dzalisi area is known for its historical and archeological importance.

In fact, Georgia was among the first countries in the world to adopt Christianity.

The Eastern Georgian kingdom Iberia converted to Christianity in 327 AD when the king of Iberia Mirian III established it as the official state religion.

According to the Georgian chronicles, St. Nino of Capadocia converted Georgia to Christianity in 330.

Therefore, the date varies based on numerous historical documents and accounts.

But it is a proved fact that by the 4th century both kingdoms of Lazica and Iberia adopted Christianity as the official state religion.

Also, this adoption tied the country to Byzantinbe Empire which had strong cultural influence over it.

During the 4th and 5th centuries, Iberia came under Persian control and governors appointed by Shahs ruled the country.

to read more about the georgian history, please click here

Archeological tour in the city:

Archeological excavations and digs conducted on the territory revealed the remains of four palaces .

And other buildings, such as baths, acropolis, swimming pool, barracks for soldiers, water supply system, burial grounds etc.

One of the four palaces is noteworthy for its mosaics, which are the oldest mosaics found in Caucasus.

Georgian’s oldest moasaics:

It dates from the 3rd century AD depicting a banquette scene of Ariadne and Dionysus.

To learn more about nature panorama and our tour in Georgian cities,  you can view the company’s BLOG by clicking here

Bagrati cathedral

Kutaisi city

The UNESCO World Heritage

The UNESCO included Kutaisi city Bagrati cathedral in World Heritage Site in 1994 as single entity.

In addition, UNESCO designated endangered the site, the UNesco mention that experts didn’t carefully prepare the previous restoration .

Despite this, proponents of restoration argued that the site was more likely to fall apart if it was let to soak in rainwater, as it had done for centuries.

Also, it is the cathedral of the Dormition or Kutaisi Cathedral, In addition most commonly known as Bagrati cathedral.
In fact, they built it in the early years of the 1th century during the reign of the king Bagrat III due to this, Georgians call the cathedral “Bagrati”.

About Bagrati Cathedral

The Cathedral is located in the center of Kutaisi, the region of Imereti. Resting upon the top of Ukimerioni hill, it was built in the early years of the 11th century. More precisely, as the inscription on the north wall reveals the floor laid in “Chronicon 223. i.e.1003.

Imereti kingdom

When Ottomans invaded Imereti kingdom in 1512 through its southern neighbor Samtskhe and unexpectedly struck Bagrat’s capital Kutaisi, they devastated Bagrati cathedral by an explosion.

Also, this incident caused cupola and ceiling to collapse.

Georgians officially rebuilt the cathedral on September 16, 2012.

Nowadays it serves as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture.

They also frequently used it as a symbol of the whole city of Kutaisi, being one of its main tourist attractions.

Architecture :

The Bagrati Temple is a moat-shaped cross-dome structure with crossed arms and four free-standing columns below the dome. The building has a great interior.

West arm has three naves, the aisles are two stories high, and it has choirs on the second floor.

The camps next to the east altar are also double-decker.

Also, the solution of the interior of the temple is clearly seen in the exterior masses.

By the way, the south and north arms protrude from the connection lines of the parts and emphasize the cross plan concept.

The architect of Bagrati Temple built the dome on tall poles and used a uniform system of furnishings from plan to façade, which was a first in Georgian architecture.

They decorated The walls and floors of the building with mosaics.

A few decades after its construction, they added richly carved doors to the west and south arms of the church.

On the south door there are remains of a fresco – the image of the Virgin.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral

Mtskheta :

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is a Georgian orthodox church situated in the ancient historical town of Mtskheta , 20 km northwest from Tbilisi. This cathedral is known as the burial place of Christ’s mantle.  According to Georgian hagiography, in the 1st century AD a Georgian Jew named Elias was in Jerusalem when Christ was crucified. He managed to buy Christ’s mantle from a Roman soldier and bring it back to Georgia. When he returned back to Mtskheta, his native town, his sister Sidonia met him and after touching the mantle she immediately died from the emotions engendered by the sacred object. The robe could not be removed from her grasp and she was buried with it. This place where Sidonia is buried with the mantle is persevered in the cathedral.

Tree of St. Nino :

Later on a cedar tree was grown from her grave. The tree was chopped down and St. Nino made from it seven columns for the church’s foundation. The seventh column had magical properties: it rose itself in the air and returned to earth only after St. Nino prayed the whole night. (Hence the name “Svetitskhoveli”). In Georgian Sveti means “pillar” and “Tskhoveli” means “living.”

History of svetitskhoveli cathedral :

The original church was built in the 4th century AD during the reign of Mirian III of Kartli, byt the original cathedral has been damaged several times during the history notably by the invasions of Arabs, Persians, Timur and lately by Russian subjugation and the Soviet period. The building has also been damaged by earthquakes.

The church architecture :

Restoration period began in 1970 during which the base of basilica built during the reign of Vakhtang Gorgasali after St. Nino was found. Basilica was the dominant type of the Georgian church architecture before the cross-dome style emerged. When Svetitskhoveli was rebuilt in the 11th century, this type of cross-dome was chosen by the architect Arsakidze and Catholicos-Patriarch Melkisedek of Georgia. During the reign of the king Erekle II a defensive wall was built around the cathedral in 1787. The top storey was designed for military purposes and that is why it has gun emplacements. Also it is worth mentioning that archeological expeditions conducted there found the house of Patriarch of the 11th century.

Svetitskhoveli cathedral is the second largest church in Georgia after Tbilisi holy trinity cathedral. It is listed as an UNESCO world heritage site along with other historical monuments of Mtskheta.

Jvari Monastery Mtskheta

Mtskheta-Mtianeti region

Jvari monastery is a Georgian orthodox monastery of the 6th century, It is located in Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, eastern Georgia.

Being outstanding monument of Georgian architecture it was one of the greatest religious sites and a center of pilgrimage for Christian nations of the Caucasus.

The wooden cross

Firstly, Jvari church is built on a rocky mountaintop overlooking Mtskheta.

It is a the place where, according to the local legend, a wooden cross was erected by the enlightener of Georgia St.Nino and king Mirian.

Also, the construction of the cross symbolized the fall of paganism and rise of christianity in Georgia.

Exceptional relief sculptures take significant place in the decoration of the facades.

The reliefs depicting the patrons-Stephanos and his family are located on the Eastern façade of the church.

On the southern façade there is also a composition of Ascention of the cross.

Also, on the facet of the drum of the dome there is a figure of a person, possibly the architect.

The present building is generally held to have been 590 and 605. This is based on an inscription on its façade mentioning the principal builders of the church: Stephanos the patricius, Demetrius the Hypatos and Adarnese the hypatos. The importance of the church gradually increased over time and attracted more and more pilgrims every year. In the late Middle Ages the complex was fortified by a stone wall and gate, remnants of which still survive. During the Soviet Union period the church was preserved as a national monument but access was rendered difficult. After Georgia gained its independence the building was restored to active religious use and it was listed as UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994.

Армазисхеви Archeological Archeological place - Armaziskhevi

Archeological place – Armaziskhevi

History of the city

Armaziskhevi is archeological place situated on the right tributary of the Kura River and is 3km west of Mtskheta railway station. This place is unique for its archeological importance.

The Bronze-early Iron Age

Firstly, as a result of archeological excavations conducted near the influx of the Armaziskhevi archeologists revealed a cemetery dating back to the late Bronze-early Iron Age., 2nd -4th cc.

The cemetery contained tombs of Georgian nobles Pitiakhshes.

Also, they were of three types: Tile graves, sarcophagi and a grave of mausoleum type.  

In addition, there were as well ruins of a palace complex, a bath house, remains of water pipeline, a ceramics workshop and a wine cellar.

The Graves

Graves dating back to 2nd-3rd cc.  AD were especially rich in content:

A gold belt, a gold sheath of dagger, diadems, necklaces, earrings, bracelets, finger-rings, arm-rings etc were discovered at this place.

Gold artifacts were decorated by precious stones among them were diamond, emerald, malachite, sapphire, greenstone etc.

These items had inscriptions mentioning the names of important people, such as Pitiakhshes and their wives etc.

the Sarmazian bilingual

Items of world importance are two stelaes found at this site.

The first is bilingual (Greek-Aramaic) epitaph-so-called Sarmazian bilingual.

The second is monolingual stela with Aramiac inscriptions narrating about the Georgians’ victory in Armenia in the middle of the 1st century AD.