Культура и природа
Georgian wine tour package 8 days
Incroyable histoire du vin géorgien
Культура и природа в Грузии

Wine production in Georgia

 

History of Georgian Wine production :

We consider the Wine production in Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world. All evidence points out that the earliest wine production was in Georgia.

Features of wine production in Georgia :

  • Grape seeds have been found in Caucasian tombs 7000 years ago along with wine implements such as clay vessels. Nowhere in the world is the evidence of viniculture so old.
  • There are no countries where wine culture is more developed and cherished.

The variety of Georgian Wine :

  • Incredibly there are 500 species of wine and most of them are still unknown to the rest of the world. Wine producing technique is the same it was long ago, but slightly developed and refined over the centuries: Wine is placed in earthenware vessels (in Georgian “Kvevri) buried in the ground up to their necks.
  • These pitchers resemble amphora with their shape and material from which they are made of-the clay. Everything goes inside the Kvevri-grapes with skins, stalks, grape stone.
  • Kvevri must be hermetically closed and buried under the ground. Grapes ferment on its natural yeast and gradually mature into wine.
  • The process of fermentation usually takes three of four months and the result is vitamin-rich and flavorful wine.

Marani :

  • Georgian people own special places called Marani beside their houses, with different sizes of Kvevries buried.  Georgia’s wines fall into several zones: Kakheti and kartli in the east and Samegrelo, Adjaria, Guria and Imereti in the west.
  • Every region of Georgia grows its own unique varieties of grape and that is why Georgian wines have unique taste.
  • Wines produced in Georgia are white and red depending on the variety of grape it is made from. Besides red and white wines one can also find some champagne taps in Georgia.

Kakheti :

  • Kakheti is a major place for wine production in Georgia ( more read about Kakheti region,click here ). Wine production in Kakheti has a very secular history.
  • Almost three-quarters of the country’s wine grapes are grown here and the land has been used for viticulture for thousands of years.
  • This is proved by archeological findings in the region and the regions strong relationship with wine was captured in Georgia’s famous hymn ‘Thou art a vineyard’ written in the 12th century by a king Demetrius.
  • Best-known red wines from this region are made of grape varieties of Saperavi and Kaberne and white wines are made of Rkatsiteli and Khikhvi.

Racha-Lechkhumi :

  • Rasha-Lechkhumi is one of Georgia’s smallest regions, but despite its diminutive size, it remains one of the important wine regions in Georgia.
  • A main distinctive feature of the wines produced in this small region is that they are sweeter than their western counterparts. It is a result of the extremely high sugar levels created by the sunny climate.

White wines in Racha-Lechkhumi :

  • The varieties of white wines in Racha-Lechkhumi are Tretra, Tsiska and Tsolikauri. As for the red wines,they  are based on Alexandrouli, Mujuretuli (Keduretuli), UsakhelauriOrbeluri Odzhaleshi and Saperavi.Imereti Wines-The fame of Kakhetian wine is known around the world but still not many people heard about the wines in Imereti.
  • In fact, the roots of viticulture can be traced back to the times of the kingdom of Kolkhida, Imereti.
  • The main features of the wines produced in this region are that Imereti wines are weaker and usually sourer than wines of Kakheti.

Imeretian wines :

  • Among the best known Imeretian wines Krakhuna is considered to be the most imeretian wine.
  • Another wide spread wine in Imereti is called Tsolikauri, which is a light yellow-skinned white grape variety cultivated in Kolkhida lowland.

Visit Tbilisi flea market-Georgia

The old antiques market :

Visit Flea market in Tbilisi is one of the things the city should be proud of. There are a lot of places for bargain hunters. Among the most popular ones are: Dry bridge market and Rustaveli Avenue.

    Dry bridge flea market :

runs along the river and opens up into a large bazaar where one can buy everything beginning with antique jewelry ending with old sepia photographs, soviet-era medals and uniforms, silver cutlery and other beautiful and antique items for home décor.

In addition,the most interesting stalls at dry bridge flea market are the ones selling Soviet-union memorabilia. For a few pounds a guest can pick up medals awarded to Georgian citizens for their bravery and loyalty.

 Also, tbilisi’s flea market known as Dry Bridge takes place every Saturday. Items are of a particular nature: they are usually second hand household items.

Everything is on the ground, carefully assembled on blankets.

These items can be delineated by theme- kitchen, pre-soviet antique, general bibliographic, gardening, USSR antique, souvenirs, clothing, Chinese, computer etc.

  It should be noted that for many of sellers it represents far more survival than casual endeavor. They may be selling dear things from their past, from their family’s history, personal library etc.

Rustaveli Avenue :

   Rustaveli Avenue is another place where buyers and collectors can purchase beautiful, unique and antique items.  

Like Dry Bridge flea market, everything is laid on the ground and every seller has its own place.

It is the place full of local artists representing their handmade lovely paintings and various types of jewelry/statues.

Rustaveli Avenue is the place where past and present mix.

  Tbilisi’s Flea market is so popular with foreigners and tourists.

They visit Georgia to buy jewelry and precious things because of its cheap and superior quality .

Works of famous Georgian painters such as Niko Pirosmani, Elene Akhvlediani, Lado Gudiashvili and others are also sold on the streets and prices are very reasonable as well.

Tbilisi’s Carpets :

 Tbilisi is still an excellent to buy carpets. It is the very place where the dedicated buyer or collector may find some amazing pieces for their collection.

There are no many carpet shops in Tbilisi, just 5 or 6 of them, but they really worth visiting.

All of these shops have carpets and flat weaves from all over the wider Caucasus region, not only from Georgian regions.  

Beside carpets saddlebags, covers, embroideries and so on are sold there.  These are the places one should return as regularly as possible.

 

مأكولات باتومي الجورجية
Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste

Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste

 

Georgia has its own style of cooking, How?

  • In our article “Georgian cuisine Amazing Taste” Let’s take a look at the most important features of  Georgian food.
  • Because based primarily on ancient recipes, but you can also find many bold proposals from avant-garde chefs as well.
  • In addition to being a cuisine specific to each country with many traditional characteristics, the other culinary traditions influenced the Georgian cuisine, mainly from the Middle East, Western Asia and Europe.

           Georgian cuisine,world wide known :

  • In fact,Georgian cuisine offers a wide variety of dishes.
  • This is mainly due to the fact that the historic region of Georgia has its own culinary tradition.
  • Among these, the Megeliana, Imeretian and Khaki cuisines are the best known and the most popular. 

       why Georgian food ?

  •   Eating in Georgia does not only mean filling the stomach, but it is also because of that, the friendship linked to eat in Georgia , celebration, exchange, etc,that’s why we consider it as it is a very important tradition for all Georgians.
  • This is why also, the portion sizes are always large and, furthermore it would be difficult to find individual tables in Georgian restaurants.

 what’s “supra” ?

  • First of all,the most symbolic form for the Georgian festival we call it “Supra”.
  • “Supra” is an important part of the Georgian social culture.
  • In the Georgian language, Supra literally means “mantel”.
  • for the reason that, we are never keeping large public meals without Supra and, if there are no tables, probably they are throwing to the ground.

           TAMADA :

  • Actually, Supra has its specific rules, regardless of the type and size,Tamada is always guiding the supra,by the way Tamada is the name of (Toastmaster), who proposes toasts.

        Tamada must have a great rhetorical capacity  

  • Certainly,this is the main reason why we chose him as a master of cakes .
  • above all,TAMADA seems like he has the ability to consume a large amount of alcohol without showing any signs of drunkenness.
  • The toast continues counterclockwise and if everyone who wanted to speak did so, Tamada proposes another toast and the circle begins again.

          Typical dishes prepared in Georgian cuisine 

       Meat:

  • The priority in Georgian cuisine is given to meat dishes.

  • Among the best known and  popular ones are :

        Khinkali:

  • Firstly,Khinkali is Georgian dumplings. we made it mainly, from mutton or veal.
  • The meat filling Khinkali is raw and when we cook it, its juices are trapped inside. 

         how To eat Khinkali :

  •  one must hold Khinkali by its top (Using it as a handle) and suck the juice while taking the first bite. These “handles” are not normally eaten.
  • Eating Khinkali without making a mess is a real art for Georgians and Expert Khinkali eaters are very proud of this.

         Satsivi :

  • Satsivi is a cold sauce. we prepare it  from poultry broth with additions of various spices, dried herbs, garlic, water and salt to taste.
  • We also Boil turkey or chicken pieces and submerge it in the sauce is a staple of winter holiday feasts.

       Cheese:

         One more characteristic feature for Georgian cuisine is the use of plentiful of  Cheeses.

        Khachapuri

  • Without any doubt, Khachapuri is a farinaceous meal with big amount of cheese. we literally translate it “Cheese bread” and often,sometimes we call it as “Georgian pizza.” .
  • Most noteworthy,The dough for Khachapuri must be tender that’s why we add Matsoni to its ingredients. As for the cheese, we must soak it and slightly wring it out.

          khachapuri and the Georgian regions :

  • In addition to that,There are many variations of Khachapuri (Imeretian, Megrelian, and Ajaruli). The most extravagant is Ajaruli Khachapuri, a boat-shaped pizza with an egg and butter added just before serving.

        Vegetables and greens

  •  Vegetables are widely used in Georgia as food. we always accompany The abundance of meats on a Georgian table by considerable quantity of vegetables and greens.

          Among the most popular dishes using vegetables and greens are :

          Mkhali

  •    Mkhali is a hallmark of Georgian cuisine. It is a vegetable salad with one basic vegetable with the same name     “Mkhali”.
  • Mtsvadi :

    •  Mtsvadi is a Georgian Shish Kebab ,we prepare it mainly from beef. usually,we cook it on the grill and serve it  with onions and mushrooms.
    • Georgian Mtsvadi is very famous,and certainly, we distinguish it with special aroma and juiciness.
    • While preparing Mtsvadi one must take into account to use marinated meat, then cut it into pieces and mix with salt, pepper and onions.

        Other basic vegetables for Mkhali are:

  • Cabbage, beet, sweet pepper and onions.
  • As for seasoning, walnuts, red pepper, parsley greens, garlic, vinegar and salt that we use it. we thermally processed it, then we boil it or bake it and we crush and mix it with each other.
  • This combination of different vegetables and greens creates a special taste. 

         Lobio :

  • is a rich dish consisting of boiled red beans mixed with seasoning.
  • The most widespread components for Lobio are: onions, wine vinegar, vegetable oil, greens such as parsley, coriander, leek, mint, basil etc.
  • Also,we can add Some dry spices such as red and black peppers, saffron and suneli .

       Sweets:

                Best-known sweets among the traditional Georgian Cuisine ones are:

       Churchkhela

Churchkhela is a traditional kind of sweets in Georgia. we make it of nuts beaded on the thread and then we cook it in grape juice, which is flour-thickened. There are varieties of this sweetmeat; among them best-known recipes of churchkhela is Kakhetian and Imeretian ones.

          Gozinaki

  •  We serve Gozinaki to a festive table on the first day of New Year and has special gusto for the Georgians.
  • we can prepare it easily: One must warm honey and sugar in a casserole and then add nuts and we fry it to brown. Then we mix and cut all these into random pieces. 

One of the amazing georgian cuisine amazing taste :

          Pelamushi is thick jelly made of grape juice and corn meal. It is mainly served with nuts. The mixture of corn meal and grape juice must be boiled and thoroughly stirred before cooling.

      Wine and Wine making:

  • Above all,Wine production began in Georgia centuries ago.
  • Wine is one of the ancient fields of agriculture in Georgia.
  • Producing different types of wines is an entire culture in Georgia.
  • On the other hand,The country produces a great variety of wines: such as,red and white wines and inflated champagne.

 

  • These wines are unique with a distinctive flavor, and amazing taste
  • The uniqueness of Georgian wines depends on where we make it.
  • Most noteworthy,we must mention that each region of Georgia cultivates its own grape varieties.
  • For example, in Kakheti, which has a centuries-old history of wine production.

          The variety of Georgian Wine, amazing taste :

  • The best known varieties of red wine are Saperavi and Kabern and the varieties for white wine – Rkatsiteli and Khikhvi.
  • In the Racha-Lechkhumi region, a small town of Khvanchkara produces the best-known wine of the same name. Another famous variety of Georgian wines is Odjaleshi, originally from Megrelia.