Flora and Fauna / Georgia Caucasus
Firstly, Georgia is a paradise for nature lovers, botanists and for tracing wildlife, Its rich geographical diversity is well reflected in its flora and fauna.
Types of the floral plants
- The country has more than 5000 types of the floral plants, of which around 15% are endemic to the Caucasus
- Also around 300 are endemic to Georgia alone.
Birds and Fishes
- First at all, forests are widespread mostly in mountains and occupy about the third of the country area.
Moreover, as for the Fauna, it is represented with more than:
- 100 types of mammals, 330 types of birds
- and 160 types of fishes.
- Also, many of them are endemic or half-endemic. Four endemic species can be seen only here.
The Georgian forests and animals
1-Firstly, About The Georgian forests
Georgian forests, which cover about 40% of Georgia’s territory, are home to :
- wolves, bears, jackals, lynx and other predators.
- Also, Hoofed animals, such as roe deer, red deer, wild boar, wild goat etc can also be found here.
In 2003, a striking discovery was made:
remote sensing cameras captured an adult male Anatolian Leopard in the Vashlovani National Park.
- This animal had been considered long extinct in Georgia.
- Georgia is, without any doubt, a bird-watching paradise.
- Definitely, the southern region of Georgia is especially rich in bird life, including highland raptors as well as the many wetland varieties.
- It is worth mentioning that the common pheasant, which is found across Europe and North America originates from the Caucasus region and is named after the Phasis River-Today’s Rioni River in western Georgia.